In text citations

In MLA, you need to cite quotes in two different ways. The first way is “In Text Citation” and the other way is the “Works Cited” page.

In -Text Citations (also called “Parenthetical Citations”)

These citations appear in the body of your essay.

When quoting or paraphrasing a text, you need to include the author’s name and page number(s) from which the quote was taken.

The author’s name must either appear in the sentence itself or in the parentheses.

Here’s what In-Text Citations look like:

Author mentioned in sentence:

Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).

Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

Author NOT mentioned in the sentence:

Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).

Author Unknown

If the work has no known author, use the title instead of the author’s name.

An anonymous Wordsworth critic once argued that his poems were too emotional (“Wordsworth is a Loser” 100).

Multiple Works with Same Author

If you cite more than one work by an author, use a shortened title instead of the author.

Smith argued that computers are not good for small children (“Computronics” 38) but acknowledged that older children may benefit from computing (“Binary Youth” 44).

When Referencing Only One Text in an Essay

There is no need to keep repeating the author’s name in the cites. Do so the first time only. Thereafter, just use page numbers in the parentheses.

She said, “Too much fun can ruin a good time.” (73).