Nephron Test Study Guide
Nephron Test Study Guide
The following are questions you should be able to answer when you take the nephron test on Friday. You may use your notes (one page) and your nephron model when you take the test. You cannot use your phone or your classmates notes. The blanks “___” indicate how many answers there are for that question.
- (Why) Chronic Kidney Disease is common among US adults. (How Many and what percentage). ___
- (Why) This number of Americans suffer from kidney failure making it important for all health care professionals to know how the kidneys filter blood, regulate blood pressure, stabilize pH, and conserve nutrients. ___
- The primary function of this part of the nephron is to filter plasma to produce filtrate (AKA plasma filtrate). ___
- (Why) In the United states these are the top two health problems that can causes kidney failure. ___ and ___.
- Are the above-mentioned health problems preventable in most people? ___
- The artery that is entering the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
- The artery that is exiting the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
- Put the anatomical features of the nephron in order from the beginning to the collecting duct (leave out the arteries at the beginning as well as the collecting duct from this question). ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- What gets filtered from the blood plasma in the glomerulus? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- When substances get “reabsorbed” where do they end up? ___.
- When substances get secreted where does it come from? ___
- Where does reabsorption take place? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- Where does secretion take place? ___, ___.
- What multiple things feed into the collecting duct? ___
- What is the function of glucose? ___
- What happens to the glucose in your glomerular filtrate? ___
- What is the primary function of amino acids? ___
- What happens to the amino acids in your glomerular filtrate? ___
- What happens to the K+, NaCl, HCO–3 in the glomerular filtrate? ___
- When the glomerular filtrate reaches the collecting duct it is now called an ___
- What percentage of H20 get secreted in the proximal convoluted tubule? ___
- What will you find in the excretion within the collecting duct? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- Hormones are chemical messengers that tell the body what to do. Examples of hormones are Testosterone, Estrogen, Human Growth Hormone, Insulin, epinephrine and oxytocin. The two major hormones that control the rate of water excretion are ___, and ___
- Extra credit. Based on what you know about medical terminology which of the following hormone is produced on top of the kidney? ___