Nephron Test Study Guide

Nephron Test Study Guide

The following are questions you should be able to answer when you take the nephron test on Friday. You may use your notes (one page) and your nephron model when you take the test. You cannot use your phone or your classmates notes. The blanks “___” indicate how many answers there are for that question.

  1. (Why) Chronic Kidney Disease is common among US adults. (How Many and what percentage). ___
  2. (Why) This number of Americans suffer from kidney failure making it important for all health care professionals to know how the kidneys filter blood, regulate blood pressure, stabilize pH, and conserve nutrients.  ___
  3. The primary function of this part of the nephron is to filter plasma to produce filtrate (AKA plasma filtrate). ___
  4. (Why) In the United states these are the top two health problems that can causes kidney failure. ___ and ___.
  5. Are the above-mentioned health problems preventable in most people? ___
  6. The artery that is entering the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
  7. The artery that is exiting the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
  8. Put the anatomical features of the nephron in order from the beginning to the collecting duct (leave out the arteries at the beginning as well as the collecting duct from this question). ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  9. What gets filtered from the blood plasma in the glomerulus? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  10. When substances get “reabsorbed” where do they end up? ___.
  11. When substances get secreted where does it come from? ___
  12. Where does reabsorption take place? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  13. Where does secretion take place? ___, ___.
  14. What multiple things feed into the collecting duct? ___
  15. What is the function of glucose? ___
  16. What happens to the glucose in your glomerular filtrate? ___
  17. What is the primary function of amino acids? ___
  18. What happens to the amino acids in your glomerular filtrate? ___
  19. What happens to the K+, NaCl, HCO3 in the glomerular filtrate? ___
  20. When the glomerular filtrate reaches the collecting duct it is now called an ___
  21. What percentage of H20 get secreted in the proximal convoluted tubule? ___
  22. What will you find in the excretion within the collecting duct? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  23. Hormones are chemical messengers that tell the body what to do. Examples of hormones are Testosterone, Estrogen, Human Growth Hormone, Insulin, epinephrine and oxytocin. The two major hormones that control the rate of water excretion are  ___,  and ___
  24. Extra credit. Based on what you know about medical terminology which of the following hormone is produced on top of the kidney? ___