Knowing the meaning of the following word elements can help you earn a high score on the Cardiovascular worksheets 1, 2 & and 3 quiz. They will also help you with the final cardio test. To take advantage of this study guide you need to know the meaning of both the word as a whole and the meaning of the word parts – Prefix, Root and Suffix.
** Note: Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in the United States. If you enter the health care field it would greatly benefit you to know as much as possible about the cardiovascular system.
Occlusion, palpitation, infarction, pacemaker, hypertension, arteriorraphy, cardiotomy
The Initial Assessment is very important. It is when you interact with your patient for the first time. You have to keep him/her alive.
As you approach your patient you need to quickly determine if they have circulation, airway, and breathing (CAB)
- C – Circulation
- A – Airway
- B – Breathing
4. You can say, “I need to get an impression of my patient. Is s/he mild, moderate, or severe.”
or you can say – “I need to determine if my patient is Big Sick or Little Sick.”
5. I need to find out his “chief complaint.” This is why s/he called an ambulance
6. I need to determine the “Responsiveness and Mental status of my patient. for responsiveness I use the AVPU acronym.
- A = Alert – My patient is alert
- V = Verbal – My patient is verbal
- P = Pain – If my patient is not alert or verbal l my patient responds to pain.
- U = Unresponsive – If my patient is not alert, verbal and does not respond to pain they are unresponsive. Lastly, I need to check my patients mental status. This is done by asking simple questions like what day of the week it is. Who is the president, what is your name.
**** Do not make the mistake of saying Responsiveness and forgetting the AVPU. Also don’t forget Mental Status (this is the most common mistake).
- Using the information in the video that is linked below draw the kidney. Use the top half of this page (Area A). Be sure to label the anatomical features.
- On the second half of this paper write the order that a drop of urine takes as if flows from the collecting ducts through the body of the kidney. Also from the same link. Please write legibly.
Nephron Test Study Guide
The following are questions you should be able to answer when you take the nephron test on Friday. You may use your notes (one page) and your nephron model when you take the test. You cannot use your phone or your classmates notes. The blanks “___” indicate how many answers there are for that question.
- (Why) Chronic Kidney Disease is common among US adults. (How Many and what percentage). ___
- (Why) This number of Americans suffer from kidney failure making it important for all health care professionals to know how the kidneys filter blood, regulate blood pressure, stabilize pH, and conserve nutrients. ___
- The primary function of this part of the nephron is to filter plasma to produce filtrate (AKA plasma filtrate). ___
- (Why) In the United states these are the top two health problems that can causes kidney failure. ___ and ___.
- Are the above-mentioned health problems preventable in most people? ___
- The artery that is entering the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
- The artery that is exiting the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
- Put the anatomical features of the nephron in order from the beginning to the collecting duct (leave out the arteries at the beginning as well as the collecting duct from this question). ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- What gets filtered from the blood plasma in the glomerulus? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- When substances get “reabsorbed” where do they end up? ___.
- When substances get secreted where does it come from? ___
- Where does reabsorption take place? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- Where does secretion take place? ___, ___.
- What multiple things feed into the collecting duct? ___
- What is the function of glucose? ___
- What happens to the glucose in your glomerular filtrate? ___
- What is the primary function of amino acids? ___
- What happens to the amino acids in your glomerular filtrate? ___
- What happens to the K+, NaCl, HCO–3 in the glomerular filtrate? ___
- When the glomerular filtrate reaches the collecting duct it is now called an ___
- What percentage of H20 get secreted in the proximal convoluted tubule? ___
- What will you find in the excretion within the collecting duct? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
- Hormones are chemical messengers that tell the body what to do. Examples of hormones are Testosterone, Estrogen, Human Growth Hormone, Insulin, epinephrine and oxytocin. The two major hormones that control the rate of water excretion are ___, and ___
- Extra credit. Based on what you know about medical terminology which of the following hormone is produced on top of the kidney? ___
AKA Renal System
Due Friday November 1st
The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.
Today we will be focusing on the nephron. The nephron is the filter inside the kidney. There are about 1,000,000 nephrons in each of your two kidneys. We need to have an understanding of how the nephron helps maintains homeostasis and eliminates waste by making urine.
- Make a model of the nephron.
You need to use two pieces of each color yarn, a piece of paper, clear tape (a reasonable amount) and a pencil (to write with). Your model should show the anatomy of the nephron. Clearly label each. Be sure to include the following:
- Efferent Arterioles
- Afferent Arterioles
- The Arteries that wrap around the nephron
- Proximal Convoluted Tubule
- Loop of Henle
- Thick Descending Limb
- Thin Descending Limb
- Thin Ascending Limb
- Thick Ascending Limb
- Distal Convoluted Tubule
- Collecting Duct
- Your model should also show what is filtered (F), secreted (S), reabsorbed (R), and Excreted (E) at each location of the nephron.
It is suggested that you use the following videos and resources to complete this assignment.
For a C grade on this assignment complete the above mentioned with purpose.
To receive a B or an A on this assignment complete this assignment with purpose and add the effects of osmosis on the filtrate in your nephron model. Good resource – use the blue book.
Click Here for the picnic committee assignments.
It is important that we all do our part.
Make sure you know your assignment.
This video has been assigned as homework. If you take notes on it I will give you extra credit.
Click Here for Video
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