Understanding the Heart Attack (MI)

Create a book that shows how a Myocardial Infarction (MI) happens. Include all possible signs and symptoms, an explanation of why the signs and symptoms are present (What causes them), and the appropriate treatment/therapy performed by an EMT.  Include why it is necessary to treat an MI immediately. Include an illustration showing blockage and damage. To receive full points include an illustration of an EKG and what to look for in the EKG to determine the presence of an MI.


Required Academic Terms that should be found in your booklet: 

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Coronary Arteries




Heart Failure/Cardiogenic Shock

Coronary Artery Disease (atherosclerosis)



Coronary Circulation

Occlusion or Occluded

ST Segment Elevation


Useful Video


Understanding Tension Pneumothorax

Understanding Tension Pneumothorax

 Create a book that shows the mechanism (Step by Step with pictures) and effects of a tension pneumothorax.

Be sure to use the “Academic Terms” in your book. Be sure to include the signs and symptoms typically present in a pneumothorax. Be sure to include the why and how of those signs and symptoms.

Please use color. Blood always looks better red.


Academic Terms to be used: 


Open/Tension (external) pneumothorax

Tension pneumothorax

Sucking Chest Wound

Visceral and Parietal pleurae

Pleural pressure


*Signs and Symptoms and why/how on all of them.


Jugular Vein Distention

Ankle Edema

Tracheal Shift






Initial Assessment Test – Friday 11-15

The Initial Assessment is very important. It is when you interact with your patient for the first time. You have to keep him/her alive.

As you approach your patient you need to quickly determine if they have circulation, airway, and breathing (CAB)

  1. C – Circulation
  2. A – Airway
  3. B – Breathing


4. You can say, “I need to get an impression of my patient. Is s/he mild, moderate, or severe.”

or you can say – “I need to determine if my patient is Big Sick or Little Sick.”

5. I need to find out his “chief complaint.” This is why s/he called an ambulance

6. I need to determine the  “Responsiveness and Mental status of my patient. for responsiveness I use the AVPU acronym

  1. A = Alert – My patient is alert
  2. V = Verbal – My patient is verbal
  3. P = Pain – If my patient is not alert or verbal l my patient responds to pain.
  4. U = Unresponsive – If my patient is not alert, verbal and does not respond to pain they are unresponsive.                                       Lastly, I need to check my patients mental status. This is done by asking simple questions like what day of the week it is. Who is the president, what is your name.

**** Do not make the mistake of saying Responsiveness and forgetting the AVPU. Also don’t forget Mental Status (this is the most common mistake).

Kidney Assignment for 11/15

Today’s Assignment


  1. Using the information in the video that is linked below draw the kidney. Use the top half of this page (Area A). Be sure to label the anatomical features.
  2. On the second half of this paper write the order that a drop of urine takes as if flows from the collecting ducts through the body of the kidney. Also from the same link. Please write legibly.



Area A:


















Area B:




Nephron Test Study Guide

Nephron Test Study Guide

The following are questions you should be able to answer when you take the nephron test on Friday. You may use your notes (one page) and your nephron model when you take the test. You cannot use your phone or your classmates notes. The blanks “___” indicate how many answers there are for that question.

  1. (Why) Chronic Kidney Disease is common among US adults. (How Many and what percentage). ___
  2. (Why) This number of Americans suffer from kidney failure making it important for all health care professionals to know how the kidneys filter blood, regulate blood pressure, stabilize pH, and conserve nutrients.  ___
  3. The primary function of this part of the nephron is to filter plasma to produce filtrate (AKA plasma filtrate). ___
  4. (Why) In the United states these are the top two health problems that can causes kidney failure. ___ and ___.
  5. Are the above-mentioned health problems preventable in most people? ___
  6. The artery that is entering the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
  7. The artery that is exiting the glomerulus is referred to as the ___ artery.
  8. Put the anatomical features of the nephron in order from the beginning to the collecting duct (leave out the arteries at the beginning as well as the collecting duct from this question). ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  9. What gets filtered from the blood plasma in the glomerulus? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  10. When substances get “reabsorbed” where do they end up? ___.
  11. When substances get secreted where does it come from? ___
  12. Where does reabsorption take place? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  13. Where does secretion take place? ___, ___.
  14. What multiple things feed into the collecting duct? ___
  15. What is the function of glucose? ___
  16. What happens to the glucose in your glomerular filtrate? ___
  17. What is the primary function of amino acids? ___
  18. What happens to the amino acids in your glomerular filtrate? ___
  19. What happens to the K+, NaCl, HCO3 in the glomerular filtrate? ___
  20. When the glomerular filtrate reaches the collecting duct it is now called an ___
  21. What percentage of H20 get secreted in the proximal convoluted tubule? ___
  22. What will you find in the excretion within the collecting duct? ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
  23. Hormones are chemical messengers that tell the body what to do. Examples of hormones are Testosterone, Estrogen, Human Growth Hormone, Insulin, epinephrine and oxytocin. The two major hormones that control the rate of water excretion are  ___,  and ___
  24. Extra credit. Based on what you know about medical terminology which of the following hormone is produced on top of the kidney? ___

Nephron Assignment

Urinary System

AKA Renal System

Due Friday November 1st


The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.


Today we will be focusing on the nephron. The nephron is the filter inside the kidney. There are about 1,000,000 nephrons in each of your two kidneys.  We need to have an understanding of how the nephron helps maintains homeostasis and eliminates waste by making urine.


Todays Assignment:

  1. Make a model of the nephron.

You need to use two pieces of each color yarn, a piece of paper, clear tape (a reasonable amount) and a pencil (to write with).  Your model should show the anatomy of the nephron. Clearly label each. Be sure to include the following:


  • Efferent Arterioles
  • Afferent Arterioles
  • The Arteries that wrap around the nephron
  • Glomerulus
  • Proximal Convoluted Tubule
  • Loop of Henle
  • Thick Descending Limb
  • Thin Descending Limb
  • Thin Ascending Limb
  • Thick Ascending Limb
  • Distal Convoluted Tubule
  • Collecting Duct


  1. Your model should also show what is filtered (F), secreted (S), reabsorbed (R), and Excreted (E) at each location of the nephron.


It is suggested that you use the following videos and resources to complete this assignment.



Blue book.

For a C grade on this assignment complete the above mentioned with purpose.

To receive a B or an A on this assignment complete this assignment with purpose and add the effects of osmosis on the filtrate in your nephron model. Good resource – use the blue book.

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